The Kuleshov effect was created in the year 1920 by a soviet film maker named Lev Kuleshov which delt with editing and the illusion of cause and effect (“Lev Kuleshov Experiment”). What he did was that he filmed a man with a blank, neutral expression and then cut to various things that this man was ‘looking’ at which would change the feeling the man would feel. For example, Kuleshov cut between the man’s face and soup which the audience could perceive as the man is hungry. He then cut from the man’s face to a woman which expresses his feelings of desire. Even though his facial expression is same, Kuleshov wants to let the audience know that what is cut next effects the cut before as well. Below is the original Kuleshov effect:
Moving on, with the items that my partner and I had, we decided to do something similar as well. Some items that we used was a shoe, an old flip phone, a nintendo, a candle, a ‘used’ tissue, and a boy. For example, cutting from a person to a phone might be that they are waiting urgently for a call. Also, we made a second Kuleshov effect with a manikins head as well.
First of all, above video is the result for what my team, Sam, Luke, Philipp, and I made which takes in to consideration that 180 degree rule and continuity editing. Below are the descriptions for some artistic choices and some difficulties that I faced reflected on.
First of all, one artistic choice that I decided to make is to add the title page to be fancy. I used technology in order to create a green screen on the text and make it so that the background, a video of clouds, shows as the “color” of the text. Because the title of this video is “paper airplanes” I figured that this “color” for the text would be interesting and artistic.
Secondly, another artistic choice that I decided to do is to use a lot of different angles in my video and not just the normal angle. The angles that I decided to use was the high angle and the low angle. This was put in when Luke cannot keep down his anger and stands up staring down at Sam and Sam is staring up and Luke. This is effective as it portrayes Luke’s emotion of anger well as it also shows the low angle shot as well as a ECC of Luke’s face enhancing the effect. One problem was that there was not a long shot of Luke standing up which is the transition to this angle. So, I had to add this very short shot in between. It might seem very awkward but I had to make this choice that the continuity of Luke standing up makes sense.
Low angle of Luke
High angle of Sam
Thirdly, another artistic choice that I made was adding screen shots for Luke checking managebac and Luke typing his thoughts. If we had filmed the computer, the computer would be distorted not showing the screen well. So I had to make the artistic choice of screen shooting.
Also, I decided to use sound effects as well. As the music in jaws adds tension, I wanted to add tension to when sam was charing his nerf gun. I added a suspenseful loop which I edited so that the volume gets louder and louder as Sam is almost ready to shoot.
Some difficulties that I had while editing was the choice of adding or taking out the Mr. Johnson shot. Because there was a sound behind Mr. Johnson’s scene, it was difficult to shoot to Luke as a close up which didn’t look nice. At the end, I decided to take this scene out because of this reason as well as the reason that the mis-en-scene of the desk didn’t match with the other scene.
Finally, one last big difficulty that I had was that there weren’t scenes of Luke looking at the clock with the earphones off. There was this really short scene which I overused. So, for the 2:30 time, I decided to make it so that Luke doesn’t look at the clock so it doesn’t disrupt the continuity of the movie because I found this very important. Moving on to the big picture, the biggest difficulty that I want to reflect on is that the shots had Luke without the earphone or without the earphone which disrupted the continuity which I had trouble controlling. I learned from this that the mis-en-scene has to be parallel with all the scenes, such as the earphone, so that the continuity is not disrupted.