I. The Age of Imperialism reading
II. The Age of Imperialism Reading Questions
1. Why did European nations compete for overseas empires during the late nineteenth century?
Before the 19th century the reason for competing for overseas empire was to immigrate to the lands. However, during the late nineteenth century the reason was for economic reasons and prestige.
2. How did imperialists gain control of Africa?
The way that the imperialists gained control of Africa was to keep ties with Africa. They did this from “since the late 1400’s they had also maintained trading posts at the few harbours along the coasts (of Africa)”. This means that they have had contacts with the African Continent. Another way was that they had explored the insides of Africa and learned that they had “more than 700 different ethnic groups, each with its own language and culture”. This shows that they found a lot about Africa while exploring which therefore led them in to having enough information to gain control of the African continent.
3. How did the British come to dominate South Asia?
It is said that “British rule in India came about more by accident than design”. With the fall of the Mughal dynasty in the 1700’s and the defeat of France by the British led the East India Company “a cange to extend its trade”. That is why they ruled a lot of sections of India. With this start they slowly started taking over India and Southeast Asia.
4. How did European imperialism affect China?
It all started when the European illegally tried to smuggle goods from China. This led to the Opium War where china was defeated from the British. This made it easy for the Europeans to get in to China. China was forced to accept Europeans and their rule.
5. How did Japan react to European imperialism?
It it said that compared to China “Japan built a modern nation” during the european imperialism time and they resisted it and they didn’t have much of western influence. Rather than being took over by European Imperialism Japan became an imperialist country at that time taking large parts of Asia. They even had a Russo-Japanese war because they had fought over who was going to take the land of Korean and Manchuria.
6. How did imperialism develop in the Western Hemisphere?
Even though the Western Hemisphere was technically “independent” they were week and that was when “Britain and the United sates to develop business interests there”. They came in control of large parts of the Americas. Also, “the United Sates entered the war to help Cuba and Puerto Rico gain independence from Spain” because they were “interested” in having a business in those areas.
Define the following vocabulary words: imperialism, sepoy, sphere of influence, intervention
Imperialism: “Controlling territories for economic reasons and prestige”.
Sepoy: You call an Indian soldier serving under British/European orders and people a Sepoy.
Sphere of influence: A country or a territory that has power to affect development of a certain territory.
Intervention: to get in the way of.