5) Mystery Self Studies

Before we started the mystery self studies, we had to read a mystery genre story. For me I read the “Death on the Nile” by Agatha Christie. After we read our mystery short stories, we were told to fill in these works which are called the mystery self studies. In each part, we analyse and take apart almost every aspect of the novel and write it down in to words. Also we look at how the author uses different ways to write so that the ready could read with interest. We did this so that we can gain some knowledge on what to add on to our mystery stories when we write later on.

1) Mystery self study (part 1)


2) Mystery self study (part 2)


3) Mystery self study (part 3)

6) Mystery Short Story Blog Post

In this assignment, we had to write a mystery short story. However, it wasn’t just a mystery short story. We had to go through various stages of planning and make our stories to life. We had to have various requirements such as adding figurative language. We also had to use the knowledge that we gained while doing the mystery novel study. Some examples are Show don’t tell and red herrings. I have tried really hard to put all of the requirements in and make the best story I could possibly produce.

My story is called El Gato Gordo (The fat cat) and deals with the catastrophes that happen when the photographer Arnold Mayer, goes to his grandmother, Marcela Mayer’s, family reunion in a mansion.

Reflection Question: Did the Mystery Self-Study and your understanding of the elements of mysteries help you write a better story? Why or why not?

The mystery self- study and my understanding of the elements of mysteries helped me write a better story because these days, I don’t read mysteries for a free time book and if we didn’t have to read a mystery book in the first place, I wouldn’t be able to know the characteristics and how they are used in an actual story. Also I found out while I was reading “Death on the Nile” by Agatha Christie about how long the each sections of a mystery ex) denoument should be. It especially helped me because we analysed it as well.

The following are the works that I produced (They are listed by the order I did them in) :

1) Story Planning GO

2) Characterization GO


3) Rough draft Copy


4) Annotated rough drafts completed by your peer editors

i) Filippo

ii) Rachael

5) Final highlighted copy


6) Final Un-highlighted copy

7) Final Checked copy by Mr. Johnson

The Great Tempera Experiment, Final Reflection

I. Pictures of the process

I. Answers to questions

Overall, my tempera piece was well done and I think I did a good job and was very successful. For example, I think I have depicted the value of the face very well. I looked at my face and looked at where the darker shadows were looming on my face. I realized that I had a shadow on my left cheek because I had a dimple. That is why when I was hatching, I layered another layer of the peach color to make it have some value and look like it was actually going in and had a shadow.

Another place that I have done well is the green shade on my sweater and the value. At first I didn’t know what else I should add and this was when I didn’t have the green shade on my sweater. Miss. Zaza suggested that I shade it with a little bit of a greenish turquoise color so that it will look like it is behind the hair and not the thing that pops out. It worked perfectly and my piece has added volume, not only to the face but to the clothing as well.

The final place that I did well is using proportion. At first, I didn’t know if we necessarily needed the grids when we were sketching, but as I did, I found out that it was very important because it helped make the proportions of the face like real people. For example, my lips are almost exactly the same place as the picture and it would have looked weird if it weren’t.

Even though there were some things that were successful, there were something’s that could be improved. For example, the darkness of the black paint could be decreased. If one sees that painting one can tell that it is good except that the hair on the insides closer to the face and the neck look too black to be real and create a kind of comic book sense.

Another thing that can be improved is the texture of the egg tempera paint. When you are making egg tempera, the pigment has to be as fine as possible, however, sometimes we didn’t meet this requirement and when we use lumpy paint, the piece come on our paintings and makes a rough texture. Next time I would want to fix that and grind the pigment even if it takes a long time.

Moving on I stated that the goal for my project was: “My goal for this project is to make sure that I get the value right. This is my goal because like I mentioned in my previous blog posts, I have some probably telling the difference between coloring it in the right color and shading with value. I thought it was very hard to show value with a different color and I am going to work on this and make it perfect since this is my weak spot.” I also mentioned that I would practice egg tempera and value scales at home. Although I didn’t have time to make my own egg tempera at home, I successfully achieved my goal of getting the value right because I mentioned in the previous paragraphs that I did get the values of the cheeks and the clothing. However, I could have worked on the value of the hair for it to look more 3D and like real hair. Maybe working on egg tempera at home would have helped.

Even though that the great tempera experiment went fairly smoothly, there were some challenges that went in my way and I overcame and fixed them.

One of them is time. Time was a problem for almost all of us because making the egg tempera paint takes a lot of time since you have to mix the right amount of egg yolk, water, and pigment. At first we didn’t know about egg tempera so we spend about 10-15 minutes just mixing the paint and didn’t have a lot of time to actually paint the piece of artwork. However, as we got used to it and our teamwork increased, we were able to make the paint in an incredible speed.

The second was hatching. Since I was very little, I’ve tried a lot of it because I knew it was for “professional” artists. I tried it with pencil and markers to make light and shadow, but it didn’t work well. At first, when I was working on my piece, I didn’t know how to do cross-hatching with my pencil, let alone with a medium that I’ve never tried before. However, once Miss. Zaza showed hatching and what it was to us, I slowly, slowly improved and that is why my work contains some hatching techniques especially in the neck.


               Moving on, the great Egg tempera experiment helped my understanding of art during the Renaissance in many different ways. One way was that I didn’t know why the renaissance artists took years and years to just finish one painting. But I learned the reason why. Egg tempera is used for thin brushes and to add, they also dry very quickly. Now I understand why they took that much time because I took about a month to just finish this one piece. Another thing that I understood about the renaissance was that it must have been hard to find the pigments. In art, we had an experiment when we dealt with bringing different pigments from home and it was very hard. I could imagine the renaissance artists struggling to find color and just the right pigments and I learned that pigment would have been very valuable and treasure like to the artists.

There were a lot of things that I’ve learned this semester that I never knew before and one of them is how to use value in my painting. Before I’ve been doing art class, when I tried to draw by my self in free time, I noticed that the characters that I drew looked very 2D and I didn’t like what I was drawing. However, I didn’t know how to change it. But because I learned about light, shadow, and the value scale, I have done a great deal of value studying and the result is my portrait, full of value. Another thing that I’ve learned is how to use realism and proportion. Going back to the 2D art, it didn’t only not have value, but didn’t look like a weird person because of realism and proportion of the body parts. From this unit, I’ve learned that grids help you a lot when using realism and proportion to make your painting look real.

When I look back over the entire trimester, I grew a lot as an artist. As mentioned before, I learned about value, proportion, and realism but the one thing that I value the most is that I am taking information about egg tempera that I have never heard before. It is true that I’ve heard hints of egg and paint but I didn’t want to paint with it because it sounded very disgusting. However, I learned how to actually use egg tempera and realized there were so much pieces that were made with egg tempera in the renaissance. That is why I got to know egg tempera as my favorite medium and I would love to do this in the future because I gained new knowledge and grew as an artist by finding out how much I like egg tempera.

I enjoyed many things about this trimester and one of them was the drawing of the hearts. I’ve seen a lot of goat hearts from the shops in Dubai but I’ve never seen one for dissection and it was very fascinating to see the little strings and parts of the heart that also might be in my own. This was a very good opportunity for us to do observation. Another thing that I enjoyed was of course the egg tempera. It was fun to work with my friends to make paint. Our teamwork also increased while doing this so when we took about 10 minutes to clean up, it only takes us about 5.

Even though I enjoyed it, if there was one thing how the class could be improved is by having a short unit on perspective. I know that we ran out of time to do that unit, but everything that we have been doing such as proportion and value, all link in to the perspective part of the arts and I think it would be better to have a little unit on that at the end, or combine the egg tempera unit with the perspective unit so we can draw little mini cities for each of us using egg tempera.

This class changed my view about art a lot. At first I didn’t really know what art contained. The only thing that I could think of was poster color paint or watercolor paint and I didn’t know much else. But this class changed my view and I found out that oil paint and egg tempera paint can be used and egg tempera is my favorite medium thanks to this class. I learned that art was just not all boring paintings and there were different ways that you can make paint and I thought about what other medium we would use next year.

Overall, I had a tremendous and great class this trimester in art.



Works Cited

N.d. Artist and Studio. Web. 28 Mar. 2014. <http://31.media.tumblr.com/7430804af9df71353b6a2a334bc47c43/tumblr_mjs0n9Ylg91r1bfd7o2_r1_1280.jpg>.

1) Empires: Research and Presentation

1. Prezi Presentation

2. Information on the Hittites 

1) Basic Facts: What is the Hittite Empire? Who are the Hittites?

hittite cune

Example of Cuneiform

The Hittite empire was the Rulers of the “central Anatolian kingdom from c. 1900 – 800 BCE” and they were one of the first Anatolian Civilizations. They had a system of Government and the Military was Very strong and was equipped with full armor and chariots (Eduljee). The Hittites’ government goes back to the roots of constitutional monarchy which is where there is one ruler, but there are people with power beneath the superior emperor. Also, they also used an Indo-European Language (Crabben). Some modern day Indo-European languages include Hindi, Latin, Russian, English, and French (Wheeler). Even though there were all of these different language from this one language, there is one surprising fact that was found. It is said that the Indo-European language originated from Anatolia. The very own area of the Hittites and modern day Turkey (Wade). “Hittite was written with a cuneiform script adapted from a version of Akkadian cuneiform from northern Syria and was deciphered during the early 20th century mainly by Bedřich Hrozný, with contributions by Jørgen Alexander Knudtzon, and Hugo Winckler, who discovered many tablets written in Hittite at the village of Boğazköy in Turkey” (Ager).

The ruins of Hittites are located in modern day Turkey, Boğazköy (Eduljee).

2) When did the Hittite Empire exist?

Hittite lion gates

Hittite lion gates

The Hittites existed from 1900 to 800 BCE (Eduljee). The Occupation of the area of the hittites date back to 3000 – 2500 BCE (Mark). Before the Hittites came to place, there were three Indo-European civilizations in Anatolia which were the Luwians, Palaians, and Nesites. Where the Hittites would raise their empire, before “the center of Hittite civilization was controlled by a non Indo-European population called the Hattians” (Crabben). Some people get confused with the people of Hatti and the Hittites. However, they are different groups of people. The people of Hatti were the aboriginal people of that area and the Hittites were Indo-European people that had invaded the land of Hatti and claimed it for their own in 1700BCE (Mark). The earliest kingdoms of the Hittites are called the old kingdom. The history is known because of tablets that was used in the 17th century BCE. In this time, it is said that the Hittites grew from the city of Kussara (Crabben). the city of Kussara was a kingdom that was near the south of modern day turkey.The founder of the kingdom was “Labarna I who began a new era of conquest” (Crabben). Hattusili, the grandson of Labarna was very successful as well expanding the Hittites by gaining land from Syria (Crabben).

Map of the rule of Tutmose III

Map of the rule of Tutmose III

The new kingdom was when you can say that the hittites entered the “Hittite Empire period”. In this time, the Hittites expanded and even went in to the northern parts of syria and expanded rapidly. The age of Suppiluliuma I (c. 1350–1322 BCE) could be considered the light of the Hittite empire. Suppiluliuma attacked Kizzuwadna and invaded Isuwa. There was also an empire called the Mitanni and Suppiluliuma managed to grasp the capital of Mitanni and brought the end of the Mitanni (Crabben). 

The route of the Sea peoples

The route of the Sea peoples

Finally the down fall of the Hittites is written as that “Tudhaliya’s death led to instability in the kingdom” (Crabben). The destruction of the Hittites can also be because of the so called “sea peoples” who wiped out a lot of Anatolia and other neighbouring areas in the 12th century BCE (Crabben). The sea peoples “The nationality of the Sea peoples remains a mystery as the only records we have of their activities are mainly Egyptian sources who only describe them in terms of battle” (Mark).  After the invasion of the sea peoples, the Hittites “shrank to collection of Neo-Hittite city states such as Carchemish and Milid (present-day Malatya)” (Eduljee).

"Map of Anatolia / Asia Minor. the Hittite Hatti heartland occupied land in the centre of this map" (Eduljee).

“Map of Anatolia / Asia Minor. the Hittite Hatti heartland occupied land in the centre of this map” (Eduljee).

3) What territory did it conquer?

The Hittites weren’t living in the area of their city Hattusha and In this time, it is said that the Hittites grew from the city of Kussara which is located in the south of modern day Turkey (Crabben). As mentioned before, a non-undo european civilisation called the people of Hatti were living there. However, although some might think that they had conquered it and imperialised the aborigines. However, they did not imperialise them and “they peacefully adapted to the language, custom and religion of the aboriginal Hattians with whom they enjoyed a mutually profitable and amicable relationship”(Eduljee). (More on the definition of Imperialism with the Hittites will come later). The real conquering started with the rule of “the Hittite king Labarna, or Tabarna, (r. 1680-1650 BCE) who established what some call the Old Kingdom (c. 1680 – 1400 BCE), and from the time of its establishment, the Hittite kingdom rapidly grew in size” (Eduljee). Labarna did a lot of work for the Hittites. Labarna is mentioned a lot in the proclamation of Telepenus because “the establishment of the kingdom and the dynasty are chronicled in the Proclamation of Telepenus (c. 1525-1500 BCE). The Proclamation states that King Labarna consolidated power among the disparate Hittite city states and then proceeded to conquer nearly all of central Anatolia up to its shores” (Eduljee).


Map of Mitanni in 1400 BCE

Later in the New kingdom of the Hittites, King Suppiluliumas I sacks the Mitanni capital Washukanni in 1344 BCE – 1322 BCE. In the following year of 1321 BCE the western part of the Mitanni was completely taken over by the Hittites (Mark). “5th and 14th centuries BCE, subsequent Hittite kings extended the extent of their empire westward to the Aegean Sea, eastward into Armenia, south-eastward into upper Mesopotamia, and southward as far as the mouth of the Litani River (a territory known as Amqu) in present-day Lebanon” (Eduljee).


4) Who were the most important people involved?

– Suppiluliuma I (ca.1344 – 1322 BC)

Suppiluliuma I

Suppiluliuma I

Suppiluliuma I was a leader who had brought many fortune to the Hittites and did a lot for them such as challenging the Egyptians who were at a dominant rule of that area. Suppiluliuma I “took advantage of the tumultuous reign of the Pharaoh Akhenaten, and seized control of Egyptian territory in Syria, inciting many Egyptian vassals to revolt” (Wikipedia). It is shown that the Hittites were the largest in the rule of Suppiliuliuma I and it can be seen in the three maps below.



– Hattusili III (r. 1289-1265 BCE)

This is the treaty of Kadesh. This is the oldest peace treaty that was made. This is a tablet. The hittites often used tablets like this to write and this is one of the special ones. This was to bring peace to egypt and the Hittites. The ruler of that time was Ramses II for Egypt and for the Hittites it was King Hattusili III.

Treaty of Kadesh

Hattusili III

Hattusili III

King Hattusili III is well known for “a treaty of peace and alliance with Egyptian Pharaoh Ramses and gave Ramses his daughter in marriage” (Eduljee). “The Treaty of Kadesh, the earliest peace treaty known, was concluded between the two big political and military powers of the 13th century BC, the Hittite and Egyptian empires. The clay tablet containing the text of this treaty sealed by Hattusili III, the king of the Hittite empire and the Egyptian Pharaoh Ramesses II was found during excavations at Boğazköy in 1906″ (Istanbul Archeological Museums). The treaty of Kadesh is written in Akkadian and that was how the excavations could read the text because they could read Akkadian.


– Ramses II (c. 1303 BCE- 1213 BCE)

Ramses II

Ramses II

Ramses II or also known as Ramses the great was a spectacular leader for the egyptians. “Ramesses lived to be 96 years old, had over 200 wives and concubines, 96 sons and 60 daughters, most of whom he outlived” (Mark). He is famous for the battle of Kadesh, which was the battle between the Hittites and the Egyptians and was a very brutal battle of history. This is also what led to the later king Hattusili II and Ramses the II to sign the peace treaty which is the first treaty to be signed and made ever in the world which is currently located in the Istanbul Archeological Museum in Istanbul. “He was known to later Egyptians as the ‘Great Ancestor’ and many pharaohs would do him the honor of taking his name as their own; none of them, however, would surpass the grand achievements and glory of Ramesses the Great” (Mark).



5) Why is it considered an empire?

The definition of an empire is: “a major political unit having a territory of great extent or a number of territories or peoples under a single sovereign authority; especially :  one having an emperor as chief of state” (Merriam Webster). The Hittites are indeed an Empire because they meet all of these requirements. The definition stated that a major political unit having a territory of great extent or a number of territories was an empire and the Hittites meet this. For example, “Suppiluliuma control over various Mitanni vassal states including parts of Assyria” (Eduljee). This means that the Hittites not only had rule over their own empire, they also owned states from neighbouring empires, in this example which are Mitanni and Assyria. Not only this the Hittites are “having an emperor as chief of state” (Merriam Webster). For example, the Hittites are ruled under emperors some famous ones being Hattusilis III or Suppiluliuma I.

6) How has it impacted our world today?

The Hittites have impacted our world today in a lot of ways. It is said that the Hittites were the first example of “Constitutional monarchy is a form of government in which a king or queen acts as Head of State. As a system of government, constitutional monarchy separates the Head of State’s ceremonial and official duties from party politics. A constitutional monarchy also provides stability, continuity and a national focus, as the Head of State remains the same even as governments change” (The british Monarchy). The Hittites were one of the first examples of Constitutional monarchy and a lot of countries still use constitutional monarchy until today. Also the Hittites have a lot of pottery and made one of the first ways to make clay pottery. For example in cappadoccia we saw the different ways that we made pottery and we saw different patterns of the Hittites.

7) Timeline of the Hittites (See prezi)

8) Maps

  • The political borders of your empire at it’s greatest extent

The map under the rule of Suppiluma I at its greatest extent

This was under the rule of Suppiliuma I when the Hittites were at it’s greatest extent. It can be seen that they had parts of modern day Turkey and some of Northern Syria.

  • The physical geography of the empire
"Map of Anatolia / Asia Minor. the Hittite Hatti heartland occupied land in the centre of this map" (Eduljee).

“Map of Anatolia / Asia Minor. the Hittite Hatti heartland occupied land in the centre of this map” (Eduljee).

The Hittites had a lot of mountains which made it hard for neighbouring empires to invade them. Also the land is a Peninsula which helps with the trade and is connected with both the contents of Asia and Europe.

  • The modern day political borders of the area once controlled by your empire


The hittites covered mostly all of Modern day Turkey and some of Northern Syria.

9) What role did physical geography play in the successes or failures of the empire?

Geography played a major role in the successes of the Hittite empire and there are many ways how. The reason is because it is a peninsula. A peninsula is described as: “a portion of land nearly surrounded by water and connected with a larger body” (Merriam Webster). The current modern day Turkey is a peninsula and it was the land in which the Hittites occupied. The Hittites were connected to Asia and Europe which helped with the trade routes and later it evolved to be one of the major stops for the silk road. “The Hittite economy was based on agriculture, trade and manufacture” (Eduljee). Also if they are in a war situation, it is easy to get to the other areas and empires by sea rather than going around all the way on land.

3. Works Cited

4. Source Analysis